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Training: Shadows & Reflections

The following is an outline of the knowledge and practical skills required at each achievement level in the area of shadow and reflection analysis.

Achieving a level requires passing the assessment for that level. Assessment can be undertaken for free on the Square One website or at one of many accredited training centres around the world. Each level must be passed consecutively - it is not possible to achieve Level 2 without having first successfully achieved Level 1.

Level 1 (Understanding) - View

At this level users should be able to access an analysis model and extract the basic information they need without having to go through another user. This typically means understanding what metrics are referenced and how to display them in a visual or tabulated form, as well as being able to extract the images and/or tables required for use in other documentation or drawings.

Knowledge
  • Understand the changing nature of solar position.
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  • Know what latitude, longitude and timezone are and how to find them.
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  • Understand the basic trigonometry behind shadow projection.
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Practical Skills
  • Able to change the current date and time of the model.
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  • Able to set the latitude, longitude and timezone of the model.
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  • Able to display external shadows at any date/time in the model.
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  • Able to display daily and annual sun-paths in the model.
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Level 2 (Capability) - View & Assist

Level 2 users should be able - under supervision - to carry out most of the basic tasks such as creating and editing building models suitable for this kind of analysis, undertaking most of the simpler calculations and formatting results appropriate to the specific needs of each project.

Knowledge
  • Understand sun-path diagrams and what they show.
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  • Know the different types of sun-path projection methods.
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Practical Skills
  • Able to display internal sun-patches within a model.
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  • Able to display shadow ranges or butterfly diagrams.
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  • Able to display simple shadow animations.
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  • Able to display and manipulate sun-path diagrams.
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  • Able to tag objects as solar reflectors and display reflections.
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Level 3 (Proficiency) - View, Assist & Produce

Level 3 users should have basic proficiency, being able to independently build models suitable this type of analysis, undertake those analysis and produce the results and/or other deliverables required for any project.

Knowledge
  • Understand shading masks and what they show.
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  • Understand the different shadow data available in the 3D Editor and Visualise pages.
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  • Understand the concept of additional overshadowing.
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Practical Skills
  • Able to set different shadow colours and demonstrate additional overshadowing.
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  • Able to display shadow and reflection colours within a sun-path diagram.
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  • Able to display shadows only from selected objects in the model.
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  • Able to display shadows only onto specific objects in the model.
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  • Able to map overshadowing on a sun-path diagram.
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Level 4 (Expertise) - View, Assist, Produce & Manage

Level 4 users require real expertise, able to determine the types of analysis required to solve specific design problems, devise the work flows and schedules required to undertake them and effectively manage and supervise the whole process to ensure the timeliness and quality of all deliverables.

Knowledge
  • Understand how to measure time-based overshadowing effects.
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  • Understand basic spatial and surface mapping techniques.
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  • Understand reverse solar projections and how they can be used.
    Read more...
Practical Skills
  • Able to map spatial shading and sunlight hours over the analysis grid.
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  • Able to map surface shading and sunlight hours within the model.
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  • Able to spray solar rays within a model.
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  • Able to display reverse solar projections for objects in a model.
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Level 5 (Innovation) - "Break New Ground"

To reach Level 5, users must demonstrate real innovation in the application of shadow and reflection analysis within a design project. There is no direct assessment for this level, instead individuals or firms are required to submit a short article for review by the Natural Frequency editorial board that describes a specific project and details the innovative application of shadow and reflection analysis.

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